About Budapest - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
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Budapest dubbed the "Paris of the East", "Bride of the Danube" or "Pearl of the Danube is Hungary's capital.
Buda was founded by the Celts on the right bank of the Danube, at the time called the Ak-Ink. In Roman times receives Aquincum name, becoming the center of government of Lower Pannonia. On the left bank of the river to build a new city with the name Trans-Aquincum, called Contraaquincum. The two cities were connected by a bridge on boats, so the trade between the two sides of the Danube. In the fourth century, began to spread Christianity in the province, but this was halted by the invasion of the Huns in 375. According to Hungarian medieval chronicles, in around 450 Attila's brother, Buda, the renamed Aquincum, appointed the time and Sicambria, after his name. According to sources, the name would come from the Slavic word voda, "water." After the collapse of Hun Empire, the city was dominated by the Goths (493-560), the Avars (560-800), the Franks (800-880). For 880-889 years became Hungarian territory.
The first written attestation of Pest dates from 1148, was built on the ruins of the city's Contraaquincum. From the thirteenth century towns began to flourish, but this is off the Mongol invasion in 1241, when both were on fire. King Béla IV rebuilt the two cities. He moved the capital to Óbuda. He built a stone fortress of resistance against the Mongol invasion in 1285. The town became known worldwide in 1279, when the Council takes Buda.
Construction of the palace and fortress of Buda was started by Sigismund of Luxemburg in 1417, with a predominantly German population. From this comes the name of Ofen, Buda used parallel. The city reached its peak as Matthias Corvinus.
In 1526 the Turks captured Buda, freeing the Christian armies in the city only since 1686. Emperor Leopold I granted the privilege of free city in 1703 and both Pest and Buda, the latter being officially declared the capital city.
After the unification of the three cities (Óbuda, Buda, Pest), Budapest was divided into 10 sectors and was designed in such a systematic way in terms of politics, as in case of necessity to be governed and hence the entire Austro -ungară.În 1930, taking into account population growth, have not yet been created four sectors, two in Budapest, Pest County and two in the capital. On 1 January 1950 Budapest was united with the county seven cities and 16 municipalities as a large number had increased to 22 sectors.
Today the Hungarian capital occupies a territory of 525 km ². The minimum height is 96 meters (at the rate of the middle Danube water) and has a maximum altitude of Mount János, its summit is 527 meters.
The city is divided by the Danube, which crosses the Hungarian capital in a north-south. The contrast is obvious and geographically, the right side of the river lies the hills, mountains and the plain of Pest on the left side, with small dâmburi to the northeast, where I begin Dâmburile Gödöllő.
Buda side of living area and rest of the city, the economic zones in the north and south, and Pest is the administrative, commercial and industrial, with large residential neighborhoods and large entertainment establishments.
In Budapest the Danube area are three islands. Among them is the biggest city south of Csepel Island, its northern part being the twenty-first century, whose official name is the Csepel, just like the name of the island. As size is followed by Margarita Island, with many historical riches, and the smallest in size is Óbuda Island, actual and Hajógyári-Sziget (Island shipyard). In the immediate vicinity of the area north of the city is admistrative Szentendrei Island, which takes up Dunakanyar (curvature of the Danube).
Budapest is located in the temperate zone, being a city with temperate continental transition, the average annual temperature is 11.0 ° C. The hottest month is July, the average temperature reaching 21 ° C. Capital is a wind-free, thanks to the Carpathian Mountains and the trans-Danubian Mountains. Dominant wind direction is Northwest. Autumn, the lack of wind lead to heavy fog increases.
Budapest is the center of Hungary's road system and one of the most important railway hubs in central Europe. Budapest Ferihegy Airport serves the city and has three passenger terminals: Ferihegy 1, Ferihegy 2A and Ferihegy 2B. The airport is located in the eighteenth-Pestszentimre Pestszentlőrinc.
Budapest | Budapest dubbed the "Paris of the East", "Bride of the Danube" or "Pearl of the Danube is Hungary's capital.
Buda was founded by the Celts on the right bank of the Danube, at the time called the Ak-Ink
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